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What is Culturally Responsive & Inclusive Teaching?
Overview and Definitions:
Culturally responsive pedagogy, as defined in the Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education is “…an approach to teaching that incorporates attributes and characteristics of, as well as knowledge from, students’ cultural background into instructional strategies and course content to improve their academic achievement. A primary aim of culturally responsive pedagogy is to create learning environments that allow students to use cultural elements, cultural capital, and other recognizable knowledge from their experiences to learn new content and information to enhance their schooling experience and academic success."
Stated further along in the article, referenced below, "Some theorists and researchers suggest that the cultural dissonance between students and teachers is one of the contributing factors to the wide-spread academic disparities between many students of color and their White counterparts. Culturally responsive teaching can serve as a bridge between students’ and teachers’ ways of knowing."
Characteristics of Culturally Responsive Pedagogy:
Culturally responsive pedagogy requires faculty as well as institutional involvement. These key characteristics are drawn from the National Center for Culturally Responsive Education Centers (NCCREST):
- Students receive equal opportunities to achieve full potential.
- Student receive preparation for competent participation in an increasingly intercultural society.
- Teachers are prepared for effective facilitation of learning for every student.
- Schools are active participants in ending oppression of all types.
- Education is more fully student-centered and inclusive of student voices and experiences.
- Educators, administrators, and others take an active role in re-examining educational practices and how they affect the learning of all students.
Key Readings & Resources
Below are some key general readings in the field of Culturally Responsive Pedagogy. A more comprehensive list of resources, organized by audience/subject, can be found on other tabs in this guide.
Building Cultural Competence by
Call Number: EBOOK
Publication Date: 2012
Presents the latest work in the intercultural field and provides step-by-step instructions for how to effectively work with the new models, frameworks, and exercises for building learners' cultural competence.
Culturally Responsive Teaching by
Call Number: LC1099.3.G393 2010
Publication Date: 2010
Combining insights from multicultural education theory and research with real-life classroom stories, Gay demonstrates that all students will perform better on multiple measures of achievement when teaching is filtered through their own cultural experiences.
Culturally Responsive Teaching and Reflection in Higher Education by
Call Number: EBOOK
Publication Date: 2017
Faculty and administrators who are committed to culturally responsive teaching reflect on how to create an inclusive environment and how educators can cultivate the skills, attitudes, and knowledge necessary for implementing culturally responsive curriculum and pedagogy.
Sentipensante (Sensing/Thinking) Pedagogy by
Call Number: EBOOK
Publication Date: 2014
Offers a transformative vision of education that emphasizes the harmonic, complementary relationship between the sentir of intuition and the inner life and the pensar of intellectualism and the pursuit of scholarship; between teaching and learning; formal knowledge and wisdom; and between Western and non-Western ways of knowing.
American Council on Education
ACE, the major coordinating body for the nation’s colleges and universities, is a membership organization that mobilizes the higher education community to shape effective public policy and foster innovative, high-quality practice.
Association of American Colleges & Universities
AAC&U is the leading national association dedicated to advancing the vitality and public standing of liberal education by making quality and equity the foundations for excellence in undergraduate education in service to democracy.
Our Foundation is dedicated to transforming K-12 education so that all students can acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to thrive in their studies, careers, and adult lives.
League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
LULAC has fought for full access to the political process and equal educational opportunity for all Hispanics.
Mexican American Legal Defence and Education Fund (MALDEF)
MALDEF (Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund) is the nation’s leading Latino legal civil rights organization.
National Center for Culturally Responsive Educational Systems
Financed and supervised by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs, NCCRESt is an educational initiative that provided technical support and facilitated professional development of students in schools.
Teaching Tolerance provides free resources to educators—teachers, administrators, counselors and other practitioners—who work with children from kindergarten through high school.